Glaucoma Specialist

Diamond Vision Optometry

Optometry located in Pasadena, CA

Glaucoma occurs when increasing pressure on your optic nerve causes vision problems or even total vision loss. However, if you seek help early you can often prevent blindness, which is why the experienced team at Diamond Vision Optometry in Pasadena, California, is here to help with glaucoma, from early detection to diagnosis and treatment. Use online booking or call the office today to schedule an appointment.

Glaucoma Q & A

Diamond Vision Optometry

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a disease that affects your eye's optic nerve. Pressure on the optic nerve causes vision decrease, and eventually, total loss of vision. There are two types of glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma, and closed-angle glaucoma.

Primary open-angle glaucoma

This is the most frequently occurring kind of glaucoma. You may not notice any symptoms with primary open-angle glaucoma because it occurs gradually. Your eye simply fails to drain fluid until the buildup is so significant that you suffer optic nerve damage.

Angle-closure glaucoma

Angle-closure glaucoma happens when your iris blocks eye drainage, causing a sudden dramatic increase in eye pressure. If you're suffering from angle-closure glaucoma, you'll likely have symptoms such as sudden eye pain, headache, nausea, halos around lights, and very blurry vision. Angle-closure glaucoma is very serious and can cause blindness if you don't get help right away.

The team at Diamond Vision Optometry checks for glaucoma during your routine eye exams. If you notice any of the symptoms listed above, call Diamond Vision Optometry for help immediately.

What causes glaucoma?

Although anyone can get glaucoma, there are several risk factors that you should be aware of, including:

  • Family history of glaucoma
  • Being older than 40
  • Nearsightedness (myopia)
  • Farsightedness (hyperopia)
  • Previous eye injury
  • Thin corneas
  • Thinning of your optic nerve
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Pulmonary disease
  • High intraocular pressure (IOP)

Although some of these risk factors aren't controllable, many are. If you're at risk for glaucoma, the team at Diamond Vision Optometry can help you minimize any controllable risks. This may help keep you from getting glaucoma at all, or at least greatly slow its progression with early treatment.

How is glaucoma treated?

Glaucoma treatment is very much individual to the patient. The team at Diamond Vision Optometry work closely with you to determine the right treatment. Often eye drops can help lower your IOP to safe levels. Your doctor may prescribe oral beta blocker medication to lower your IOP as well.

If prescription eye drops and medication aren't helpful, a laser procedure known as a selective laser trabeculoplasty can help you drain fluid more effectively while alleviating eye pressure. In extreme cases, your eye doctor may implant a tube shunt to drain eye fluid.

To learn more about glaucoma care, call Diamond Vision Optometry or schedule an appointment online today.